Civilizing the Economy A New Economics of Provision

Choose your government: Civic or Commercial

Posted Aug 17, 2011 by Marvin Brown in Uncategorized, 3 Comments

Do you want a government run by a CEO, guided by commercial interests, that works for the wealthy; or a government run by civic leaders, guided by civic norms, that honors everyone’s basic human rights?  We need to understand this choice.Although one finds a civic terminology in the US Declaration of Independence, only property owners enjoyed that independence.  Our early government was essentially a commercial government; designed to protect property and not much else.   This property included not just land, one’s business, and a worker’s labor, but also a man’s family and slaves, including Thomas Jefferson’s 200 slaves.  When people want to return to this early “independence,” we need to remember its actual context rather than some modern fantasy.

Still, in these original documents, there is a civic language that citizens have appealed to again and again:

“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”

Our history can be understood as a dialectical movement toward this civic ideal and massive resistance to it.  The decisive event, of course, was the Civil War.  The war resulted in the recognition of former slaves as citizens (citizenship based on Union membership, rather than ownership).  This was followed by the establishment of a Jim Crow régime that remained in place until the Second World War.

In 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to citizenship not because they owned property, but because of their basic rights for moral equality and civic participation.  This civic development, however, did not result in equal representation in politics or even in business.  Instead, commercial advertising created a family mythology based on consumption rather than on equality.  This consumer society was interrupted by the depression and war, and then took off again in the 1950s.  Only with the feminist movement of the 1970s, did we witness a further development of basic civic rights.  The resistance also reacted:  a massive effort to persuade us through advertising that human happiness depends on consumption.  Again, commercial interests curtailed the development of civic values.

There were other movements toward the civic ideal, more than we can cover here.  The rights of workers to organize in the 1930s, for example, gave them civic rights in the workplace.  Here again, however, they became mostly interested in commercial interests—wages and benefits—rather than civic values of representation and participation.  Still, they continue to represent a community based on civic membership rather than property ownership.

And the civil rights movement.  In the 1960s, overt segregation was overturned.  We did become a more perfect union.  The resistance, however, has been as massive as ever.  As the author, Michelle Alexander, has documented in her book, The New Jim Crow, the law-and-order movement has been largely successful in resisting the empowerment of black men and communities through a combination of strict laws and urban neglect.

In the 2010 election in California, we had a clear choice between a commercial and a civic government in the choice between Meg Whitman and Jerry Brown.  For a variety of reasons, Brown became our governor.  Still, he governs in a state largely controlled by commercial interests and faces stiff competition from other states that offer businesses advantages without any civic obligations.

If one considers the resistance to civic values in our history, optimism seems almost utopian.  Still, the civil rights movement has had its moments.   Whether it emerges again in 2012 is our choice.

3 Responses to “Choose your government: Civic or Commercial”

  1. JD Moyer says:

    August 17, 2011 at 3:51 pm

    Good post Marv. Is "Civic War" a typo or intentional?
  2. Marvin Brown says:

    August 17, 2011 at 4:53 pm

    typo!
  3. P2P Foundation » Blog Archive » Commercial vs. civic government says:

    August 19, 2011 at 7:50 pm

    [...] Marvin Brown, author of our P2P Book of the Year in 2010, on the recurring, but also twarthed, promise of true civic government: [...]

Leave a Reply

*

Marvin T. Brown, Ph.D teaches business and organizational ethics at the University of San Francisco and Saybrook University in San Francisco.

This book is the culmination of 30 years of teaching and writing on business and society from a communicative perspective. Visit workingethics.com for more information.

Adam Smith Atlantic trade banks biosphere citizen Citizens United city civic civic conversations civic economy civic membership civilizing the economy common citizen Commons corporate citizen corporation as property corporations democracy disagreement economics of dissociation economics of provision Egypt future health care reform invisible hand John Locke Kant libertarianism membership money moral equality ownership property property relations protection reciprocity Scotland slavery Smith and slavery Smithian economics sustainability taxes the civic tobacco trade Wall Street

Cambridge University Press
Local Bookstores
Amazon
Barnes & Noble